# Metaphor:QUANTITY IS VERTICALITY

 Aliases QUANTITY IS VERTICALITY MORE IS UP (Metaphors We Live By,15-16) QUANTITY IS VERTICAL ELEVATION (Grady (1998)) Primary If you add more of a substance or of physical objects to a container or pile, the level goes up.
 Source Frame VerticalityRoles:vertical_axis, verticality_scale, scalar_position, vertical_entity QuantityRoles:entity, entity_amount, quantity_scale, measure_of_quantity

Mappings:

 quantity_scale <= verticality_scale
 measure_of_quantity <= scalar_position

Related Metaphors:

 Current Metaphor QUANTITY IS VERTICALITY makes use of CHANGE OF STATE IS CHANGE OF LOCATION Increase and decrease of quantity is upwards and downwards movement.

Entailments:

 Target Entailment greater quantities Higher point(s) along a vertical scale aligned scales MORE IS UP
 Target Entailment lesser quantities Lower point(s) along a vertical scale aligned scales LESS IS DOWN

Examples:

 Example Text: The number of books printed each year keeps going up. Metaphors We Live By (15)
 Example Text: His income fell last year. Metaphors We Live By (15-16)

Graph of related metaphors:

digraph meta4tggrph { rankdir="BT" n1 [label="Quantity" URL="/pub/en/index.php/Frame:Quantity" fontsize="10.0" penwidth=2 style="filled" fillcolor="lightgray" ]; n2 [label="Scale" URL="/pub/en/index.php/Frame:Scale" fontsize="10.0" ];

n1 -> n2 [label = "makes use of" fontsize="8.0" color="green" ]; }

digraph meta4graph { rankdir="BT" n1 [label="LESS IS DOWN" URL="/pub/en/index.php/Metaphor:LESS_IS_DOWN" fontsize="10.0" shape="box"]; n2 [label="QUANTITY IS VERTICALITY" URL="/pub/en/index.php/Metaphor:QUANTITY_IS_VERTICALITY" fontsize="10.0" shape="box"penwidth=2 style="filled" fillcolor="lightgray" ];

n1 -> n2 [label = "is an entailment of" fontsize="8.0" color="orange" ]; n3 [label="MORE IS UP" URL="/pub/en/index.php/Metaphor:MORE_IS_UP" fontsize="10.0" shape="box"];

n3 -> n2 [label = "is an entailment of" fontsize="8.0" color="orange" ]; n4 [label="WELL-BEING IS VERTICALITY" URL="/pub/en/index.php/Metaphor:WELL-BEING_IS_VERTICALITY" fontsize="10.0" shape="box"];

n4 -> n2 [label = "is related to" fontsize="8.0" constraint=false color="dimgray" ]; n5 [label="CHANGE OF STATE IS CHANGE OF LOCATION" URL="/pub/en/index.php/Metaphor:CHANGE_OF_STATE_IS_CHANGE_OF_LOCATION" fontsize="10.0" shape="box"];

n2 -> n5 [label = "makes use of" fontsize="8.0" color="green" ]; }

digraph meta4srcgrph { rankdir="BT" n1 [label="Downward motion" URL="/pub/en/index.php/Frame:Downward_motion" fontsize="10.0" ]; n2 [label="Verticality" URL="/pub/en/index.php/Frame:Verticality" fontsize="10.0" penwidth=2 style="filled" fillcolor="lightgray" ];

n1 -> n2 [label = "makes use of" fontsize="8.0" color="green" ]; n3 [label="Upright posture" URL="/pub/en/index.php/Frame:Upright_posture" fontsize="10.0" ];

n3 -> n2 [label = "is subcase of" fontsize="8.0" color="magenta" ]; n4 [label="Upward motion" URL="/pub/en/index.php/Frame:Upward_motion" fontsize="10.0" ];

n4 -> n2 [label = "makes use of" fontsize="8.0" color="green" ]; n5 [label="Vertical position" URL="/pub/en/index.php/Frame:Vertical_position" fontsize="10.0" ];

n5 -> n2 [label = "makes use of" fontsize="8.0" color="green" ]; n6 [label="Motion along a path" URL="/pub/en/index.php/Frame:Motion_along_a_path" fontsize="10.0" ];

n2 -> n6 [label = "makes use of" fontsize="8.0" color="green" ]; n7 [label="Trajector landmark" URL="/pub/en/index.php/Frame:Trajector_landmark" fontsize="10.0" ];

n2 -> n7 [label = "makes use of" fontsize="8.0" color="green" ]; n8 [label="Scale" URL="/pub/en/index.php/Frame:Scale" fontsize="10.0" ];

n2 -> n8 [label = "incorporates as a role" fontsize="8.0" ]; }

 Entailment greater quantities (Higher point(s) along a vertical scale, aligned scales, MORE IS UP) + and lesser quantities (Lower point(s) along a vertical scale, aligned scales, LESS IS DOWN) + Example English (The number of books printed each year keeps going up., ?, ?, Metaphors We Live By (15), ?, ?, ?) + and English (His income fell last year., ?, ?, Metaphors We Live By (15-16), ?, ?, ?) + Has source frame Frame:Verticality + Has target frame Frame:Quantity + Mapping quantity_scale (verticality_scale, ?) + and measure_of_quantity (scalar_position, ?) + Metaphor.Alias QUANTITY IS VERTICALITY (?) +, MORE IS UP (Metaphors We Live By) + and QUANTITY IS VERTICAL ELEVATION (Grady (1998)) + Metaphor.Experiential basis If you add more of a substance or of physical objects to a container or pile, the level goes up. + Metaphor.Investigated for English + Metaphor.Source frame Frame:Verticality + Metaphor.Target frame Frame:Quantity + Metaphor.Type Primary + Related metaphor makes use of (CHANGE OF STATE IS CHANGE OF LOCATION, Increase and decrease of quantity is upwards and downwards movement.) + Has subobject"Has subobject" is a predefined property representing a container construct that allows to accumulate property-value assignments similar to that of a normal wiki page. Metaphor:QUANTITY IS VERTICALITY#Is_example_of +