# Metaphor:TIME IS A LANDSCAPE THROUGH WHICH THE OBSERVER MOVES

 Aliases The Time Orientation Metaphor (PITF,140) General Primary As we move through space, we perceive time as elapsing.
 Source Frame Motion along a pathRoles:mover, motion_x-schema, source, path, goal, speed, direction, pathway, landmark TimeRoles:unit, duration

Mappings:

 present_time <= location_of_observer
 past_time <= space_in_back_of_observer
 future_time <= space_in_front_of_observer

Related Metaphors:

 Current Metaphor TIME IS A LANDSCAPE THROUGH WHICH THE OBSERVER MOVES is in a dual relationship with TIME IS A MOVING OBJECT Metaphoric duality relationship
 Current Metaphor TIME IS A LANDSCAPE THROUGH WHICH THE OBSERVER MOVES is a source subcase of NOW IS HERE

Entailments:

Examples:

 Example Text: That's all behind us now.
 Example Text: You can't go back in time!
 Example Text: We're looking ahead to the future.
 Example Text: He has a great future in front of him.

Graph of related metaphors:

digraph meta4tggrph { rankdir="BT" }

digraph meta4graph { rankdir="BT" n1 [label="TIME IS A MOVING OBJECT" URL="/pub/en/index.php/Metaphor:TIME_IS_A_MOVING_OBJECT" fontsize="10.0" shape="box"]; n2 [label="TIME IS A LANDSCAPE THROUGH WHICH THE OBSERVER MOVES" URL="/pub/en/index.php/Metaphor:TIME_IS_A_LANDSCAPE_THROUGH_WHICH_THE_OBSERVER_MOVES" fontsize="10.0" shape="box"penwidth=2 style="filled" fillcolor="lightgray" ];

n1 -> n2 [label = "is in a dual relationship with" fontsize="8.0" constraint=false color="darkgreen" ];

n2 -> n1 [label = "is in a dual relationship with" fontsize="8.0" constraint=false color="darkgreen" ]; n3 [label="NOW IS HERE" URL="/pub/en/index.php/Metaphor:NOW_IS_HERE" fontsize="10.0" shape="box"];

n2 -> n3 [label = "is a source subcase of" fontsize="8.0" color="magenta" ]; }

digraph meta4srcgrph { rankdir="BT" n1 [label="Across" URL="/pub/en/index.php/Frame:Across" fontsize="10.0" ]; n2 [label="Motion along a path" URL="/pub/en/index.php/Frame:Motion_along_a_path" fontsize="10.0" penwidth=2 style="filled" fillcolor="lightgray" ];

n1 -> n2 [label = "makes use of" fontsize="8.0" color="green" ]; n3 [label="Affected motion" URL="/pub/en/index.php/Frame:Affected_motion" fontsize="10.0" ];

n3 -> n2 [label = "is in causal relation with" fontsize="8.0" ]; n4 [label="Backward motion" URL="/pub/en/index.php/Frame:Backward_motion" fontsize="10.0" ];

n4 -> n2 [label = "is subcase of" fontsize="8.0" color="magenta" ]; n5 [label="Barrier" URL="/pub/en/index.php/Frame:Barrier" fontsize="10.0" ];

n5 -> n2 [label = "makes use of" fontsize="8.0" color="green" ]; n6 [label="Downward motion" URL="/pub/en/index.php/Frame:Downward_motion" fontsize="10.0" ];

n6 -> n2 [label = "is subcase of" fontsize="8.0" color="magenta" ]; n7 [label="Forward motion" URL="/pub/en/index.php/Frame:Forward_motion" fontsize="10.0" ];

n7 -> n2 [label = "is subcase of" fontsize="8.0" color="magenta" ]; n8 [label="Motion away from a location" URL="/pub/en/index.php/Frame:Motion_away_from_a_location" fontsize="10.0" ];

n8 -> n2 [label = "is a perspective on" fontsize="8.0" ]; n9 [label="Motion to a location" URL="/pub/en/index.php/Frame:Motion_to_a_location" fontsize="10.0" ];

n9 -> n2 [label = "is a perspective on" fontsize="8.0" ]; n10 [label="Moving object" URL="/pub/en/index.php/Frame:Moving_object" fontsize="10.0" ];

n10 -> n2 [label = "makes use of" fontsize="8.0" color="green" ]; n11 [label="Portals" URL="/pub/en/index.php/Frame:Portals" fontsize="10.0" ];

n11 -> n2 [label = "makes use of" fontsize="8.0" color="green" ]; n12 [label="Upward motion" URL="/pub/en/index.php/Frame:Upward_motion" fontsize="10.0" ];

n12 -> n2 [label = "is subcase of" fontsize="8.0" color="magenta" ]; n13 [label="Verticality" URL="/pub/en/index.php/Frame:Verticality" fontsize="10.0" ];

n13 -> n2 [label = "makes use of" fontsize="8.0" color="green" ]; n14 [label="Motion" URL="/pub/en/index.php/Frame:Motion" fontsize="10.0" ];

n2 -> n14 [label = "is subcase of" fontsize="8.0" color="magenta" ]; n15 [label="Source path goal" URL="/pub/en/index.php/Frame:Source_path_goal" fontsize="10.0" ];

n2 -> n15 [label = "makes use of" fontsize="8.0" color="green" ]; n16 [label="Physical path" URL="/pub/en/index.php/Frame:Physical_path" fontsize="10.0" ];

n2 -> n16 [label = "incorporates as a role" fontsize="8.0" ]; }

 Example English (That's all behind us now., ?, ?, ?, ?, ?, ?) +, English (You can't go back in time!, ?, ?, ?, ?, ?, ?) +, English (We're looking ahead to the future., ?, ?, ?, ?, ?, ?) + and English (He has a great future in front of him., ?, ?, ?, ?, ?, ?) + Has source frame Frame:Motion along a path + Has target frame Frame:Time + Mapping present_time (location_of_observer, ?) +, past_time (space_in_back_of_observer, ?) + and future_time (space_in_front_of_observer, ?) + Metaphor.Alias The Time Orientation Metaphor (PITF) + Metaphor.Experiential basis As we move through space, we perceive time as elapsing. + Metaphor.Investigated for English + Metaphor.Level General + Metaphor.Source frame Frame:Motion along a path + Metaphor.Target frame Frame:Time + Metaphor.Type Primary + Related metaphor is in a dual relationship with (TIME IS A MOVING OBJECT, Metaphoric duality relationship) + and is a source subcase of (NOW IS HERE, ?) + Has subobject"Has subobject" is a predefined property representing a container construct that allows to accumulate property-value assignments similar to that of a normal wiki page. Metaphor:TIME IS A LANDSCAPE THROUGH WHICH THE OBSERVER MOVES#Is_example_of +